Industrial IIO configfs support

1. Overview

Configfs is a filesystem-based manager of kernel objects. IIO uses some objects that could be easily configured using configfs (e.g.: devices, triggers).

See Configfs - Userspace-driven Kernel Object Configuration for more information about how configfs works.

2. Usage

In order to use configfs support in IIO we need to select it at compile time via CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS config option.

Then, mount the configfs filesystem (usually under /config directory):

$ mkdir /config
$ mount -t configfs none /config

At this point, all default IIO groups will be created and can be accessed under /config/iio. Next chapters will describe available IIO configuration objects.

3. Software triggers

One of the IIO default configfs groups is the “triggers” group. It is automagically accessible when the configfs is mounted and can be found under /config/iio/triggers.

IIO software triggers implementation offers support for creating multiple trigger types. A new trigger type is usually implemented as a separate kernel module following the interface in include/linux/iio/sw_trigger.h:

 * drivers/iio/trigger/iio-trig-sample.c
 * sample kernel module implementing a new trigger type
#include <linux/iio/sw_trigger.h>

static struct iio_sw_trigger *iio_trig_sample_probe(const char *name)
       * This allocates and registers an IIO trigger plus other
       * trigger type specific initialization.

static int iio_trig_sample_remove(struct iio_sw_trigger *swt)
       * This undoes the actions in iio_trig_sample_probe

static const struct iio_sw_trigger_ops iio_trig_sample_ops = {
      .probe          = iio_trig_sample_probe,
      .remove         = iio_trig_sample_remove,

static struct iio_sw_trigger_type iio_trig_sample = {
      .name = "trig-sample",
      .owner = THIS_MODULE,
      .ops = &iio_trig_sample_ops,


Each trigger type has its own directory under /config/iio/triggers. Loading iio-trig-sample module will create ‘trig-sample’ trigger type directory /config/iio/triggers/trig-sample.

We support the following interrupt sources (trigger types):

  • hrtimer, uses high resolution timers as interrupt source

3.1 Hrtimer triggers creation and destruction

Loading iio-trig-hrtimer module will register hrtimer trigger types allowing users to create hrtimer triggers under /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer.


$ mkdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer/instance1
$ rmdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer/instance1

Each trigger can have one or more attributes specific to the trigger type.

3.2 “hrtimer” trigger types attributes

“hrtimer” trigger type doesn’t have any configurable attribute from /config dir. It does introduce the sampling_frequency attribute to trigger directory. That attribute sets the polling frequency in Hz, with mHz precision.